By Tommy Andres, CNN
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(CNN) – After three years of talks, the blueprint for a new stadium for the Atlanta Falcons has been finalized and the deal now goes to the legislature for approval.
But the way that stadium may get paid for uses a model that some say isn't the best deal for local governments.
Under the proposed Atlanta stadium deal, an existing hotel/motel tax will pay for a third of the billion dollar price tag of the facility. But residents aren’t too happy about replacing the 20-year-old Georgia Dome.
Sixty-seven percent of metro Atlantans disapprove of hotel/motel tax money for the stadium, according to a poll commissioned by the Atlanta Journal Constitution over the summer.
Atlanta is just the latest city to be caught up in a battle that many teams are fighting over their field instead of on it.
"The biggest news that people really need to understand is that these stadium and arena deals are really an excuse to extort the money from the public and put that in private pocket,” says Neil deMause, co-author of the book Field of Schemes: How the Great Stadium Swindle Turns Public Money into Private Profit.
Nine new NFL stadiums have been built in the last decade, and 6 of those have been rewarded with a Super Bowl. Ben Flowers, an associate professor of architecture at Georgia Tech and a stadium expert, says a new venue can double the value of an NFL franchise, but often leaves taxpayers on the losing end.
[4:08] "The billion dollars isn’t about making the experience of watching the game better,” Flowers says. “It’s to make the financial return on each person who attends the game higher.”
DeMause says stadium subsidies have become a vital part of the sports model. “It’s a real problem,” he says. “It’s really changed the way people relate to their teams, it’s changed the way people relate to the game when they go to see a game and I think that sports fans are aware of that and sports fans are troubled by that but just like any of the other controversies like steroids or concussions in the NFL it’s the sort of thing they try not to think about and just block it out and watch the game.”